Spay and neuter surgeries are one of the most common and vital surgeries performed at NOVA Pets Health Center. It is our priority to ensure the utmost comfort and safety for your pet during spay or neuter surgery. Our experienced veterinarian will administer a combination of advanced pain management techniques and anesthesia to make sure your pet is as comfortable as possible during and after the procedure.
Your pet’s vital signs will be continually monitored during and after the procedure through several monitoring devices. Although the risk of an anesthetic related fatality in a healthy pet is extremely unlikely, our procedures and monitoring devices allow us to respond quickly, should an emergency or complication arise.
Neutering, or castration is a procedure where both testicles are removed in order to sterilize a male dog or cat.
Neutering is very beneficial to the health of dogs and cats as it can help them live a longer, healthier life.
Some of the health benefits associated with pet neutering are:
– By neutering your dog or cat, you’re reducing his risk for prostate and testicular cancer.
– The risk of your dog or cat acquiring a sexually transmitted disease is also reduced.
– Neutering can help eliminate undesirable, and at times, embarrassing behavior in your male companion.
*Pick-up and/or drop-off only.
In most cases, it is recommended to neuter your male companion before the onset of puberty. Puberty normally begins between six and 10 months of age. The actual age chosen for neutering your pet will depend upon the preference of your veterinarian. It is becoming more common to perform this procedure at an earlier age in an attempt to control overpopulation and eliminate undesirable sexual behavior.
Your pet will undergo a general anesthetic. You will need to withhold food for twelve hours prior to surgery. However, your pet should have free access to water during most of the pre-operative fasting period.
During the procedure, both of the testicles are removed through a small incision in the scrotum. Since the incisions are very small, and the stitches may cause irritation of the sensitive skin surrounding the scrotum; therefore, it is rare for the incisions to be sutured.
Spaying, or sterilization, is the procedure where the ovaries and uterus are completely removed in order to sterilize your female cats and dogs.
We recommend that all non-breeding pets be spayed. Some of the benefits associated with pet spaying are:
– Spaying eliminates the risk of ovarian and uterine cancers.
– If your dog or cat is spayed before her first heat cycle, there is less than ½ of 1% (0.5%) chance of developing breast cancer.
– Spaying will eliminate the ‘messy’ heat cycles.
– Research has shown that pets that have been spayed live longer than pets that have not been spayed.
– Pets with diabetes or epilepsy should be spayed to prevent hormonal changes that may interfere with medications.
Spaying should be performed before the first “heat cycle”. Most dogs and cats are spayed between four and six months of age although some veterinarians choose to spay pets at two to three months of age.
This is a major surgical procedure that requires a full general anesthetic. You will need to fast your pet the night prior to surgery. Most pets return home within 24 hours after surgery.
The operation is performed through a relatively small incision made most commonly in the midline of the abdomen, just below the umbilicus. Both ovaries are removed along with the entire uterus. The surgical incision will be closed with several layers of sutures. In many cases, skin sutures will be placed, and these will be removed after seven to ten days.
In general, complications are rare during spaying. However, as with all anesthetic and surgical procedures, there is always a small risk. The potential complications include:
It is possible that any individual animal could have an adverse reaction following the administration of a drug or anesthetic. Such cases are impossible to predict, but are extremely rare. Pre-operative blood work is a useful screening test that may detect pre-existing problems which could interfere with the pet’s ability to handle the anesthetic drugs.
A licensed and trained veterinary technician will continually assesses your pet’s vital signs during and after the procedure through the use of several monitoring devices. Although the risk of an anesthetic related fatality in a healthy pet is extremely unlikely, our procedures and monitoring devices allow us to respond quickly, should an emergency or complication arise.
It is important that you properly fast your pet prior to surgery according to your veterinarian’s instructions. In addition, any signs of illness or previous medical conditions should be reported to your veterinarian prior to any sedation, anesthesia or surgery.
Internal Bleeding can occur if a ligature around a blood vessel breaks or slips off after the abdomen has been closed. This is very rare, and is more likely to occur if the dog or cat is extremely active. Clinical signs include weakness, pale gums, depression, anorexia or a distended abdomen.
Post-operative infections may occur internally or around the incision wound. This most commonly occurs when pets lick the site excessively or is in a damp environment. In most cases the infection can be controlled with antibiotics.
Although extremely rare, occasionally the body will react to certain types of suture material used during surgery. This results in a draining wound or tract that may appear up to several weeks after the surgery was performed. Often a further operation is required to remove the suture material.
Spay and neuter surgeries are part of our puppy and kitten Preventative Care/Wellness Plans. These plans cover all the costs associated with basic spay and neuter surgeries including the operation itself, IV catheter, antibiotic and pain injections, and post-operative pain medications. NOVA Pets Health Center’s Preventative Care/Wellness Plans also include a series of core vaccinations and diagnostic testing to make preventative care easier and more affordable so your new puppy or kitten can get started out on the right paw.
To schedule a spay or neuter surgery for you your puppy or kitten, or to find out more about the benefits of spaying or neutering your pet, please call us at (703) 378-9791.